Joinery – The Basics

It is widely believed that joinery is one of the oldest types of furniture making in the world. It dates back as far as the ancient Chinese and Mayan cultures. It is important to understand how this artful craft began in these times, as it is essential to learn from this time and apply it to today. This article will focus on the basics of how joinery was developed and used in both ancient cultures.

In traditional woodworking, joinery is usually performed by a carpenter using a mortise and tenon joint. An artist also uses a fine-toothed saw to cut individual joints in pieces of lumber or wood. Joinery is also a major component of handmade woodworking which involves joining pieces of hardwood or lumber, usually to create sturdier items such as chair legs or bookcases.

The most commonly known forms of joinery are dovetail and tongue and groove. Dovetail joinery is where a sliver of one piece of material is inserted into another piece with one groove along each edge for support. Tongue and groove joinery involve two parts of materials, with each having a slit that runs parallel to the edges. These are fastened to each other with a staple or screw.

Other common forms of joinery in Adelaide Joinery include mortise and tenon, tired, and flush. Mortise and tenon joints are the most common form of joinery used in furniture making today. In mortise and tenon joint, a piece of timber is first dampened before it is fixed into place with a glue gun. The slivers of timber are then glued onto the front face and back of the joint and allowed to dry. A similar process is followed after the glue has dried for the back pieces to be attached.

Fixing joinery in Adelaide Joinery is done by gluing a wooden frame to the walls and bottom of a timber framing piece. A spacer is then joined to this joint at the end of the frame so the wood framing can be firmly clamped to the wall and a bottom spacer. The fixings may be tongues, grooves, nicks or a cut-out in the timber framing to hold the joinery in position. Fixings are usually made from metal because they can be easily removed for cleaning.

As you can see, there are many different types of joinery available for the woodworker. If you are a beginner to DIY, then it would be advisable to joinery that uses fasteners so that the pieces of timber do not glide over each other while you work. In addition to being strong, these fasteners ensure that the joinery stays in place when working on the furniture.

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